Sunday, February 28, 2010

7 Wonders Of The Ancient World

7 Wonders Of The Ancient World
The Seven Wonders of the Fabrication (or the Seven Wonders of the Obsolete Fabrication) is a widely-known list of seven outstanding manmade constructions of reproduction antiquity. It was based on guide-books gap concerning Hellenic (Greek) sight-seers and a minute ago includes works placed participation the Mediterranean rim. Difficult lists protect frequent for the Medieval Fabrication and the Mechanized Fabrication. The flow seven was to be because the Greeks designed it to be magical.


The Egyptian pharaoh Khufu built the Bloat Pyramid in about 2560 B.C. to meeting as his resting place. The pyramid is the oldest appearance on the original list of the seven wonders of the ancient world, which was compiled by Greek scholars about 2,200 years ago. It is very the a minute ago stay fresh survivor from the original list.

The Bloat Pyramid is the chief of three Pyramids at Giza, nearby modern-day Cairo. Period weathering has caused the appearance to stand a few feet shorter today, the pyramid was about 480 feet (145 meters) high for instance it was important built. It is sympathy to gobble been the planet's tallest human-made appearance for manager than four millennia.

Originator the Giza Pyramids were top contenders in the Internet and receiver survey to make a new list of world wonders. But leading Egyptian officials were incensed by the contest, saying the pyramids shouldn't be put to a utter.

"This contest character not detract from the have a high regard for of the Pyramids, which is the a minute ago real surprise of the world," Egypt's antiquities ruler Zahi Hawass told the AFP statistics expert.

Moderately amusement organizers withdrew the Pyramids from the amusement in April and granted them "for love surprise" dignity.

THE COLOSSUS OF RHODES, GREECE In put next to to the pyramids, the colossus was the regulate lived of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Complete in 282 B.C. behind schedule booty 12 years to build, the Colossus of Rhodes was felled by an tremor that snapped the statue off at the section a water 56 years latter.

The tall figure-made of stone and downy with an peripheral shoot down of bronze-represented the Greek sun god Helios, the island's shopper god. It looked out from Mandr'aki Retreat on the Mediterranean island of R'odos (Rhodes), other than it is no longer designed to gobble straddled the reduce account as steadily outdated in illustrations.

The Colossus stood about 110 feet (33 meters) tall, making it the tallest recognized statue of the ancient world. It was erected to sign the unification of the island's three city-states, which gleefully resisted a have a yen overwhelm by the Antigonids of Macedonia.

THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRA, EGYPTThe lighthouse was the a minute ago ancient surprise that had a practical use, serving as a flare for ships in the dangerous waters off the Egyptian waterfront municipality of Alexandria, now called El Iskandar^iya.

Constructed on the invisible island of Pharos concerning 285 and 247 B.C., the stock was the world's tallest for masses centuries. Its demanding apex was 384 feet (117 meters)-equivalent to a modern 40-story building-though some the general public pretend it was convincingly taller.

The lighthouse was operated using fire at night and glittery icon mirrors that reflected the sun clothed in the day. It's assumed the light may well be seen for manager than 35 miles (50 kilometers) out to sea.

The marvelous appearance towered another time the Mediterranean shoreline for manager than 1,500 years past being solemnly damaged by earthquakes in A.D. 1303 and 1323.


The illustrious gold statue of the king of the Greek gods was built in honorable mention of the original Olympic games, which began in the ancient municipality of Olympia.

The statue, total by the reproduction sculptor Phidias participation 432 B.C., sat on a jewel-encrusted artificial throne featuring in a temple overlooking the municipality. The 40-foot-tall (12-meter-tall) target understood a club in one hand and a invisible statue of the goddess of achievement, Nike, in the other-both complete from ivory and fruitful metals.

The temple was closed for instance the Olympics were forbidden as a pagan practice in A.D. 391, behind schedule Christianity became the certified religion of the Roman Rule.

The statue was finally without hope, other than historians incentive whether it rotting with the temple or was stimulated to Constantinople (now Istanbul) in Crash and burned in a fire.


The incomplete zone are assumed to gobble stood on the banks of the Euphrates Marine in modern-day Iraq, other than there's some skepticism as to whether they ever really existed.

The Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II so they say bent the terraced zone participation 600 B.C. at his glory palace in the Mesopotamian desert. It is assumed the zone were complete to call the king's wife, who missed the grassy greenery of her residents in the Medes, in what is now northern Iran.

Archaeologists gobble yet to pay off on the ability site of the incomplete zone, but outcome in the quarter that may well be its debris protect the foundations of a palace and a in attendance arched stock with an irrigation well.

The most stuffed imagery of the zone come from Greek historians. Near is no remark of them in ancient Babylonian records.


The famous resting place at Halicarnassus-now the municipality of Bodrum-was built concerning 370 and 350 B.C. for Sovereign Mausolus of Caria, a quarter in the southwest of modern Crash. Heading says that the king's grieving wife Artemisia II had the resting place constructed as a shrine to their love.

Mausolus was a satrap, or manager, in the Persian Rule, and his legendary resting place is the properly of the word "momentous." The appearance long-drawn-out 120 feet (40 meters) have a yen and 140 feet (45 meters) tall.

The resting place was most venerated for its architectural beauty and twinkle. The core cash office was decked out in gold, generation the apparent was festooned with elaborate stone friezes and sculptures bent by four Greek artists.

The momentous stood natural until the budding 15th century, for instance Christian Crusaders dismantled it for stock solid for a new bastion. At all of the sculptures and fresco sections survived and can be seen today at the British Museum in London, England.

THE Temple OF ARTEMIS, Crash

The complete rock temple stark to the Greek goddess Artemis was total participation 550 B.C. at Ephesus, shut up shop the modern-day town of Selcuk in Crash.

In pop in to its 120 columns, each standing 60 feet (20 meters) high, the temple was assumed to gobble understood masses magnetism artworks, in the company of icon statues of the Amazons, a made-up rush of female warriors.

A man named Herostratus reportedly burned down the temple in 356 B.C. in an try to immortalize his name. At the rear of being restored, the temple was without hope by the Goths in A.D. 262 and anew by the Christians in A.D. 401 on the pithy of Saint John Chrysostom, subsequently archbishop of Constantinople (Istanbul).

In this day and age the temple's foundations gobble been excavated and some of its columns re-erected.